Depression | Psychology Today


depression articles

The Depression page contains articles and information from the New England Journal of Medicine. Depression is a disorder of the brain. There are a variety of causes, including genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Depression can happen at any age, but it often begins in teens and young adults. It is much more common in women. Women can also get postpartum depression after the birth of a baby. Mar 05,  · Research has shown that depression is tied to biological changes in the brain. But do such changes worsen over time, and are current treatments adequate?

Depression and Anxiety: Patients With One, Often Have The Other

Verified by Psychology Today, depression articles. Some 16 million Americans a year struggle with depression, an illness that comes in many forms—from major depression to dysthymia and seasonal affective disorder. In addition, depressive episodes are features of bipolar disorder. Depression is an illness that increasingly afflicts people worldwide, interfering with concentrationdepression articles, motivationand many other aspects of everyday functioning, depression articles.

Depression is a complex disorder, involving many systems of the body, including the immune system, either as cause or effect. Because of its complexity, a full understanding of depression has depression articles elusive. Depression is often accompanied by anxiety. Research indicates that not only do the two conditions co-occur but that they overlap in genetic vulnerability patterns.

Scientists have some evidence that depression susceptibility is also related to dietboth directly—through inadequate consumption of nutrients such as omega-3 fats—and indirectly, through the variety of bacteria that populate the gut.

Depression is increasingly common in children. The condition is often cyclical, and early treatment may prevent or forestall recurrent episodes. Many studies show that the most effective treatment is cognitive behavioral therapywhich addresses problematic thought patterns, with or without the use of antidepressant drugs.

In addition, evidence is quickly accumulating that regular mindfulness meditation, on its own or combined with cognitive therapy, can stop depression before it starts by effectively disengaging attention depression articles the repetitive negative thoughts that often set in motion the downward spiral of mood.

Not everyone who is depressed experiences every symptom. Some people experience a few symptoms, depression articles, some many, depression articles. Severity depression articles symptoms varies among individuals and also varies over time. It can also involve loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed, including sex. Decreased energy, fatigue, or a sense of being "slowed down" are also common, as are restlessness, irritability, and difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions.

Many with depression have thoughts of death or suicide, depression articles. People with depression may experience disruptions in sleep insomniaearly morning awakening or oversleeping and in eating behavior appetite changes, weight loss or gain. There is no single known cause of depression. Rather, it likely results from a combination of genetic, biologic, environmental, and psychological factors.

Major negative experiences— traumaloss of a loved one, a difficult relationship, or any stressful situation that overwhelms the ability to cope—may trigger a depressive episode. Subsequent depressive episodes may occur with or without an obvious trigger. Depression is not an inherent consequence of negative life events.

Research increasingly suggests that it is only when such events set in motion excessive rumination and negative thought patterns, especially about oneself, that mood enters a downward spiral, depression articles.

Research utilizing brain-imaging technologies, such as magnetic resonance imaging MRIshows that depression articles brains of people who have depression look different than those of people without depression.

The parts of the brain responsible for regulating mood, thinking, sleep, appetite, and behavior appear to function abnormally, depression articles. It is not clear which changes seen in the brain depression articles be the cause of depression and which ones the effect.

Some types of depression tend to run in families, suggesting there may be some genetic vulnerability to the disorder. Depression, even the most severe depression articles, is a highly treatable disorder. As with many illnesses, depression articles, the earlier that treatment can begin, the more effective it is and the greater the likelihood that recurrence can be prevented.

Appropriate treatment for depression starts with a physical examination by a physician. Certain medications, as well as some medical conditions such as viral infections or a thyroid disorder, can cause the same symptoms as depression and should be ruled out. The doctor should ask about alcohol and drug use, depression articles, and whether the patient has thoughts about death or suicide, depression articles.

Once diagnosed, a person with depression can be treated a number of ways. The most depression articles treatments are depression articles and psychotherapy.

Many studies show that cognitive behavioral depression articles is highly effective, alone or in combination with drug therapy. Psychotherapy addresses the thinking patterns that precipitate depression, and studies show that it prevents recurrence.

Drug therapy is often helpful in relieving symptoms, such as severe anxiety, depression articles, so that people can engage in meaningful psychotherapy. Depression generally takes one of two major forms.

Unipolar depression is what most people mean when they talk about depression: an unremitting state of sadness, apathy, or hopelessness, and loss of energy. It is sometimes called major depression.

Bipolar depression, or bipolar disorder, is a condition marked by periods of depression and periods of high-energy mania ; people swing between depression articles two poles of mood states, sometimes over the course of days, sometimes over years, often with stable periods in between. The birth of a baby can trigger mood swings or crying spells in the following days or weeks, the so-called baby blues. When the reaction is more severe and prolonged, it is considered postpartum depression, a condition requiring treatment because it can interfere with the ability to care for the newborn.

Depression can also occur seasonally, depression articles, primarily in the winter months when sunlight is in short supply. Known as seasonal affective disorder, or SAD, it is often ameliorated by daily exposure to specific types of artificial light. Suicidal thoughts often coincide with depressive episodes, which is why it's important to be aware of the signs if you or a loved one experiences any prolonged mood disturbance.

Postpartumdepression articles, Bipolar DisorderAnxiety. Americans are obsessed with happinessyet we are increasingly depressed: Some 15 million Americans battle the disorder, and increasing numbers of them are young people. Mental anguish is hard on your health. People suffering from depression have three times the risk of experiencing a cardiac event.

In fact, depression affects the entire body, depression articles. It weakens the immune system, increasing susceptibility to viral infections and, over time, possibly even some kinds of cancer—a strong argument for early treatment of depression, depression articles.

It interferes with sleep, adding to feelings of lethargy, compounding problems of focus and concentration, and generally undermining health. Those suffering from depression also experience higher rates of diabetes and osteoporosis.

Sometimes depression manifests as a persistent low mood, a condition known as dysthymia. It is usually marked by years-long periods of low energy, low self-esteemand little ability to experience pleasure. Everyone experiences an occasional blue mood. Yet clinical depression is a more pervasive experience of repetitive negative rumination, bleak outlook, and lack of energy. It is not a sign of personal weakness or a condition that can be willed depression articles wished away.

People with depression cannot merely "pull themselves together" and get better. All play a part. However, there is some evidence that, painful as depression is, it serves a positive purpose, bringing with it ways of thinking that force those who suffer to focus on problems as a prelude to solving them.

By Michael Steuer M. By Amy Green M. Recent research suggests that mental health concerns among college students are rising. But is blaming social media really the answer?

Or do we need to dig a little deeper? By Carl E Pickhardt Ph. Best friendships are bonded, intimate relationships in mine-adolescence; and when that bond is broken there depression articles much hurt to experience and grieving to do.

The way we regulate emotions affects depression and anxiety, requiring discretion in how we use limited resources. New research helps define high-value therapeutic targets. By David B, depression articles. Feldman Ph. Our reluctance to talk about grief can provide a space for myths to proliferate, ultimately making it harder to cope. Surely "evidence-based therapy" for depression has good evidence to back it up?

Think again. Are you disappointed with the current model of mental health care? Collaborative care models will improve the standards of both medical and mental health care. By Robert T Muller Ph. With greater support services, these individuals will be better able to cope with the stresses of their job, enabling them to better help animals in need.

By Katherine Nguyen Williams Ph. Suicide is the second leading cause of death and injury for children and adolescents. Are you worried about your teenager? Learn how to identify the risk factors—and how to help. By Ellen Kirschman Ph. By Veronika Tait Ph. Even a slight decline in mental health can affect your financial situation.

By Michael J Breus Ph. Poor and disrupted sleep are common symptoms of menopause. Insomnia, and changes to typical sleep patterns, depression articles, are often an early signal of a woman in perimenopause.

By Robert L. Leahy Ph. Do depression articles criticize yourself or label yourself as a "failure" or "loser"? How can you defeat this negative voice and build your self-esteem? Lydia Denworth is a New York-based science writer. Samoon Ahmad, M.


How long-term depression alters the brain


depression articles


Continued What Illnesses Happen With Depression? It’s common for people to have other medical or mental health problems along with depression, such as anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder Author: Debra Fulghum Bruce, Phd. The Depression page contains articles and information from the New England Journal of Medicine. May 14,  · Learn about depression symptoms in men, women, teenagers, and children. Plus, read about treatment, medications and side effects, causes, and diagnosis. One in 10 people will have some type of depression during their lifetime.